“All Rights Reserved”, A Global Copyright Protection?

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Global Copyright Protection Am Badar & Am Badar Intellectual Property (IP) Law Firm Indonesia

Speaking of global copyright protection, a well-known symbol represents the rights of creators: the widely used “All Rights Reserved” declaration. This symbol is a visible way of saying that someone has legal ownership and control of creative work.

This symbol is mainly found in books, music, movies, and other creative works. In this article, we’ll explore the definition of this copyright notice and its history, meaning, and purposes.

“All Rights Reserved” and Global Copyright Protection

Originating from the Buenos Aires Convention of 1910, this “All Rights Reserved” declaration serves as a global shield, signaling to creators that their intellectual property is protected not only in their home country but across the signatory nations of the convention.

While originating from a convention, “All Rights Reserved” has transcended its origins and become a customary practice globally. In essence, it serves as a universal symbol of copyright protection, indicating that the creator asserts their rights over the intellectual property.

The Meaning

At its core, “All Rights Reserved” is a potent legal statement employed by copyright owners to proclaim their intent to retain all rights granted by copyright law.

While modern copyright laws automatically protect creative works, this declaration is a visible reminder of the rights bestowed upon the creator.

It communicates to the world that the content is legally guarded, and any use, reproduction, distribution, or adaptation requires explicit permission from the copyright holder.

The Purposes

The inclusion of “All Rights Reserved” in creative works serves multiple essential purposes for creators and content owners, such as:

1. Notice of Copyright Protection

This phrase acts as a prominent notice, especially in works like books, music, art, or videos, informing others that the content is safeguarded by copyright law.

2. Establishing Ownership

By declaring “All Rights Reserved,” creators assert their claim to intellectual property, emphasizing their exclusive rights to control how the work is used and distributed.

3. Legal Protection

The visible copyright notice strengthens the legal position of content owners in case of copyright infringement. It prevents others from claiming ignorance of copyright and serves as a deterrent against unauthorized use.

4. Deterrence

Displaying the notice signals the creator’s vigilance in protecting their rights, potentially discouraging unauthorized work use.

5. International Recognition

The phrase holds international recognition as a global copyright protection symbol, reminding everyone that the work is protected by copyright laws worldwide.

6. Customary Practice

In the creative industry, including “All Rights Reserved” has become customary, establishing standard norms and expectations regarding copyright protection.

Should It be Included in Your Work?

Despite the automatic protection granted by copyright laws, the question arises: Is it still necessary to include “All Rights Reserved” in your creative works?

The answer is nuanced. With 181 out of 195 countries signing the Berne Convention and many others complying with TRIPS, nearly all countries recognize the rights of citizens of other countries.

Technically, it’s no longer a legal requirement to include a copyright notice, whether “All Rights Reserved,” “Copyright,” or the copyright symbol “©”.

However, many creators still choose to include it for practical reasons. The notice serves as a signal to potential infringers that the creator is aware of their rights and may deter those who are unsure about copyright existence.

Additionally, including specific contract terms, such as website terms and conditions, further reinforces the creator’s stance against unauthorized use.

However, seeking expert advice from AM Badar’s Copyright Service is paramount to ensure your global copyright protection. To learn more about Intellectual Properties law, explore our services through insight page, service, or contact us!


Reviewed by Nabil Argya Yusuf

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